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  • Heartburn or acid reflux
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
  • Belching
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Acidic taste in the mouth
  • Regurgitation of food or liquids
  • Feeling of fullness after eating small amounts of food
  • In some cases, bleeding and anemia (from erosion of the hernia into the esophagus)
woman drinking green drink for acid reflux prevention in NYC

Possible Causes:

  • Weakness in the diaphragm muscles
  • Age-related changes in the diaphragm muscles
  • Injuries to the diaphragm
  • Increased pressure in the abdomen (from obesity, pregnancy, coughing, etc.)
  • Genetics
  • Smoking
  • Congenital defects in the diaphragm
  • Trauma to the chest or abdomen
  • Complication of other medical conditions or surgeries

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